Feet First Treatments
An ingrown toenail develops when the sides of the toenail grow into the surrounding skin.
The big toe is often affected, either on one or both sides. The nail curls and pierces the skin, which becomes red, swollen and tender.
Other possible symptoms include:
Pain if pressure is placed on the toe
Inflammation of the skin at the end of the toe
A build-up of fluid (oedema) in the area surrounding the toe
An overgrowth of skin around the affected toe (hypertrophy)
White or yellow pus coming from the affected area
Corns and Callus
What are corns and calluses?
Corns and calluses are annoying and potentially painful thickenings that form in the skin in areas of excessive pressure. The medical term for the thickened skin that forms corns and calluses is hyperkeratosis. A callus refers to a more diffuse, flattened area of thick skin, while a corn is a thick, localized area that usually has a popular, conical or circular shape. Corns can become very painful but relief is almost instant after you have visited a Foot Health Practitioner or Chiropodist.
What are verrucas?
Verrucas, sometimes called plantar warts or spelled verrucae, are warts that develop on plantar surfaces — that is, the soles (or bottom) of the feet. The pressure from normal standing and walking tends to force the warts into the skin, and this can make the warts painful. Like all warts, they are harmless and may go away even without treatment, but in many cases they are too painful to ignore. Verrucas that grow together in a cluster are known as mosaic warts.
Thickened Nails and Fungal Nail Infections
Thickened Nails can be shaped and thinned down to make them look more sightly by your Foot Health Practitioner or Chiropodist.
Treatment may not be necessary in mild cases of fungal nail infection.
But if you don’t treat the infection, there’s a chance it will spread to other nails.
Using simple self-care methods may be effective in some cases. For example, not wearing footwear that makes your feet hot, keeping your nails short and maintaining a high level of foot hygiene can help prevent fungal nail infections.
People with diabetes or circulatory disorders should be alert to even small foot problems. In these people, a break in the skin can lead to infection, gangrene, and amputation.
Many people with diabetes or circulatory disorders have problems with cold feet. These problems can be reduced by avoiding smoking tobacco (smoking constricts the blood vessels), wearing warm socks.
Daily foot care for people likely to develop foot problems includes washing the feet in tepid water with mild soap and moisturising there feet daily, a regular visit from a Foot Health Practitioner or chiropodist is advised between 4 and 12 weeks depending on the condition of your feet.
If you are unable to see a Foot Health Practitioner or a Chiropodist then your Toenails should be cut straight across above the level of the skin after soaking the feet in tepid water. Corns and calluses should not be cut. If they need removal, it should be done under the care of a professional. Athlete’s foot and plantar warts should also be treated by a professional if they develop in high risk patients.